Monday, 7 December 2020

Russian airline Aeroflot has released the figures for the first nine months of 2020.

Aeroflot Group has published its condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the nine months ended 30 September 2020.   Revenue decreased by 55.3% year-on-year to RUB 234,213 million,  EBITDA amounted to RUB 31,180 million and the net loss totalled RUB 79,406 million;
 
Andrey Chikhanchin, PJSC Aeroflot Deputy CEO for Commerce and Finance, said: “In the third quarter of 2020 Aeroflot Group carried 10.1 million passengers, 9.5 million of whom flew on domestic routes, compared to 1.7 million passengers in the second quarter 2020, at the height of the lockdown and when flight restrictions were at a peak. 

Given the many operational and economic challenges currently facing the aviation sector, our gradual restoration of passenger traffic, driven primarily by the domestic segment, is being achieved in a financially prudent manner. Although the loss for the reporting period was to be expected due to the unprecedented impact of the pandemic and continued suspension of most of our international operations, it is lower on a quarter-on-quarter basis, at RUB 21.1 billion in the third quarter compared to RUB 35.8 billion in the second quarter.

“Though all key business segment posted improved performance in the third quarter, Pobeda’s results deserve particular attention as virtually the first airline and the only major carrier anywhere in the world to grow passenger numbers in Q3 2020, with traffic up by 12.0% year-on-year, and the load factor recovering to 95%. On the back of these strong operational results, the LCC segment delivered robust financial performance, reporting a net profit in both the third quarter and the first nine months of 2020, thereby underscoring its strength and the resilience of its business model.

“Thanks to growth of passenger numbers in the third quarter, Aeroflot Group increased revenue quarter-on-quarter by RUB 59.4 billion to RUB 84.9 billion, while operating costs increased by RUB 37.1 billion to RUB 95.5 billion. EBITDA improved by 22.1 billion RUB compared to the second quarter, and amounted to 20.1 bn RUB. Revenue growth outpacing the increase in costs even as flight volumes recovered illustrates our balanced approach to restoring capacities, as we sought to strike a balance between passenger numbers and our financial performance, as well as the results of numerous optimisation initiatives and strict cost control.

“The low season of fourth quarter 2020 and first quarter 2021 will remain challenging for all airlines, which are continuing to operate in an environment of restrictions on top of the traditional seasonal decline in demand. Aeroflot Group continues to pursue a conservative approach to capacity deployment as well as making seasonal adjustments. We have been able to build up our liquidity thanks to our RUB 80 billion secondary public offering and secured credit facilities, which include loans with RUB 70 billion of state guarantees. This gives Aeroflot Group the resources it needs to fulfill its financial obligations to partners and restore operational volumes once markets resume their recovery”.





Key operating highlights

 

 

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

Change

9M 2020

9M 2019

Change

Passengers carried, thousand PAX

10,129

18,533

    (45.3%)

23,056

46,728

    (50.7%)

- international

619

8,275

    (92.5%)

5,185

20,957

    (75.3%)

- domestic

9,510

10,258

      (7.3%)

17,871

25,771

    (30.7%)

Revenue Passenger Kilometres, million

21,015

47,343

    (55.6%)

53,731

120,268

    (55.3%)

- international

1,786

26,678

    (93.3%)

18,630

70,209

    (73.5%)

- domestic

19,229

20,665

      (6.9%)

35,101

50,058

    (29.9%)

Available Seat Kilometres, million

25,324

53,497

    (52.7%)

73,262

145,380

    (49.6%)

- international

2,400

30,762

    (92.2%)

26,338

86,333

    (69.5%)

- domestic

22,924

22,735

       0.8% 

46,925

59,047

    (20.5%)

Passenger load factor, %

83.0%

88.5%

(5.5 p.p.)

73.3%

82.7%

(9.4 p.p.)

- international

74.4%

86.7%

(12.3 p.p.)

70.7%

81.3%

(10.6 p.p.)

- domestic

83.9%

90.9%

(7.0 p.p.)

74.8%

84.8%

(10.0 p.p.)

 

In 9M 2020, Aeroflot Group carried 23.1 million passengers, down 50.7% year-on-year. In 9M 2020, operating results were significantly affected by the decrease in demand and flight restrictions amid the spread of the novel coronavirus. The international segment was hithardest, following the shutdown of international air travel in March. The suspension of international flights had a knock-on network effect on transit and domestic traffic. A gradual recovery of air travel started in Q3 2020 on the back of lifted restrictions.

 

Key financial highlights

RUB million unless stated otherwise

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

Change

9M 2020

9M 2019

Change

Revenue

84,861

212,543

(60.1%)

234,213

523,983

(55.3%)

EBITDA

20,088

73,379

(72.6%)

31,180

141,675

(78.0%)

EBITDA margin

23.7%

34.5%

(10.8 p.p.)

13.3%

27.0%

(13.7 p.p.)

(Loss) / profit for the period

(21,136)

29,089

(79,406)

20,305

 

Revenue

RUB million unless stated otherwise

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

Change

9M 2020

9M 2019

Change

Passenger traffic revenue

73,984 

190,323

(61.1%)

193,575

462,034

(58.1%)

 - scheduled passenger flights

64,852 

176,460

(63.2%)

179,355

431,181

(58.4%)

 - charter passenger flights

9,132 

13,863

(34.1%)

14,220

30,853

(53.9%)

Cargo flight revenue

4,851 

4,881

(0.6%)

17,133

13,613

25.9%

Other revenue

6,026 

17,339

(65.2%)

23,505

48,336

(51.4%)

Total revenue

84,861 

212,543

(60.1%)

234,213

523,983

(55.3%)

In 9M 2020, Aeroflot Group’s revenue decreased by 55.3% year-on-year to RUB 234,213 million.

Revenue from scheduled passenger flights decreased by 58.4% year-on-year to RUB 179,355 million, due to a decrease in passenger traffic as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Cargo revenue rose by 25.9%, to RUB 17,133 million year-on-year as the Company reoriented some of its wide-body aircraft to carry cargo and mail in the baggage compartment as well as in the cabin. 

Other revenue decreased by 51.4% year-on-year to RUB 23,505 million. 

Operating costs

RUB million unless stated otherwise

Q3 2020

Q3 2019

Change

9M 2020

9M 2019

Change

Depreciation, amortisation and customs duties

30,724

26,302

16.8%

87,935

79,980

9.9%

Staff costs

15,734

22,065

(28.7%)

50,354

66,859

(24.7%)

Aircraft servicing and passenger services

15,903

35,728

(55.5%)

48,840

96,893

(49.6%)

Aircraft maintenance

6,778

9,955

(31.9%)

20,247

23,942

(15.4%)

Selling, general and administrative expenses

4,676

8,278

(43.5%)

15,155

22,481

(32.6%)

Other net expenses 

3,605

10,277

(64.9%)

6,431

26,564

(75.8%)

Operating costs less aircraft fuel

77,420

112,605

(31.2%)

228,962

316,719

(27.7%)

Aircraft fuel

18,077

52,861

(65.8%)

62,006

145,569

(57.4%)

Total operating costs

95,497

165,466

(42.3%)

290,968

462,288

(37.1%)


In 9M 2020, operating costs decreased by 37.1% to RUB 290,968 million, primarily due to a reduction in operational volumes (capacities decreased by 49.6% year-on-year), as well as due to the implementation of measures aimed at reducing fixed and quasi-fixed costs.

Aircraft fuel costs decreased by 57.4% year-on-year to RUB 62,006 million as flight volumes and flying time decreased.  

Excluding fuel costs, operating costs decreased by 27.7% year-on-year to RUB 228,962 million, primarily due to reduced operational volumes and the almost complete suspension of flights in April and May 2020.

Staff costs decreased by 24.7% year-on-year to RUB 50,354 million.
Expenses related to aircraft servicing and passenger service decreased by 49.6% year-on-year to RUB 48,840 million. At the same time, given our increased focus on passenger safety to prevent the further spread of the virus, the Group introduced additional pre-flight measures and aircraft disinfection.
Aircraft maintenance costs decreased by 15.4% year-on-year to RUB 20,247 million, due to lower volume of maintenance works related to flight hours amid reduced operating volumes, which was partly offset by an increase in one-off payments for aircraft returns to the lessor, particularly in Q1 2020. At the same time, in Q2 and Q3 2020, aircraft maintenance costs decreased by 45.7% and 31.9% respectively also due to a decrease in the variable component associated with flying time, while expenses on keeping the grounded fleet airworthy continued.
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by 32.6% year-on-year to RUB 15,155 million, due to additional measures to optimise general business, consulting and marketing expenses. 

Other expenses (net) decreased by 75.8% year-on-year to RUB 6,431 million, due to a decrease in expenses associated with the booking system and flight catering amid lower flight volumes. This item also includes a RUB 7.9 billion subsidy from the Russian government that partially offsets the costs.  

Amortisation and customs tariffs, the largest expense item that is generally independent from operating volumes, increased by 9.9% year-on-year to RUB 87,935 million, primarily due to revaluation of reserves for aircraft maintenance required before return to the lessor following the year-on-year appreciation of the US dollar in 9M 2020.

As a result of these factors, EBITDA totalled RUB 31,180 million.
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