Wednesday, 28 October 2020

US budget airline JetBlue releases its latest results.....



JetBlue Airways Corporation has reported its results for the third quarter of 2020 this week which shows a GAAP pre-tax loss of ($578) million in the third quarter of 2020, compared to a pre-tax income of $254 million in the third quarter of 2019. Excluding one-time items, adjusted pre-tax loss of ($690) million in the third quarter of 2020 versus adjusted pre-tax income of $239 million in the third quarter of 2019.
 

Operational Highlights from the Third Quarter

Third quarter 2020 revenue declined 76% year over year as a result of the impact of COVID-19. The decline is better than our initial planning assumption for the quarter of 80%, as a result improving leisure and visiting friends and relatives (“VFR”) travel trends throughout the quarter.

Reduced third quarter 2020 capacity by 58% year over year compared to an initial planning assumption of a decrease of at least 45%, as a result of actions taken to manage cash burn and protect liquidity.

Operating expenses declined 45% year over year. Excluding special items, adjusted operating expenses(1) declined 39% year over year. We successfully reduced our third quarter expenses by taking capacity actions to reduce variable costs and reducing fixed costs by adjusting work schedules and eliminating discretionary spend.
Balance Sheet and Liquidity

JetBlue ended the third quarter with approximately $3.1 billion in unrestricted cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments, and restricted cash for CARES Act Payroll Support Program (“PSP”), or 38% of 2019 revenue.
JetBlue repaid $95 million in regularly scheduled debt and finance lease obligations during the third quarter of 2020.
In the third quarter the U.S. Treasury updated the amount of the CARES Act Loan Program facility to $1.95 billion, and allocated JetBlue an additional amount of $27 million related to the original PSP allocation of $936 million.
JetBlue has taken the following measures in the third quarter to manage liquidity:
Refinanced the $1 billion 364-day term loan maturing in early 2021 with EETC transactions.
Executed over $300 million under sale-leaseback transactions for new aircraft and existing aircraft in our fleet.
Drew $114 million from the CARES Act Loan Program facility.
Continued to execute significant variable and fixed cost savings through aggressive capacity management and adjusted work schedules.
Redeployed assets to capture short-term, tactical cash generation opportunities.
Resulting from the actions taken, JetBlue’s average daily cash burn in the third quarter was $6.1 million, ahead of the $7 to $9 million range expected in late July. JetBlue expects average daily cash burn in the fourth quarter to range between $4 and $6 million.
Fuel Expense and Hedging

The realized fuel price in the quarter was $1.23 per gallon, a 40% decline versus third quarter 2019 realized fuel price of $2.06.

JetBlue has entered into forward fuel derivative contracts to hedge its fuel consumption for the fourth quarter of 2020. Based on the forward curve as of October 19th, JetBlue expects an average all-in price per gallon of fuel of $1.23 in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Our Recovery Plan and Actions Taken to Position JetBlue for Future Success

“Day in and day out, our crewmembers continue to deliver on our mission - to Inspire Humanity. Their dedication and passion for delivering outstanding service has been remarkable, especially as we work to restore our customers’ confidence in air travel,” said Robin Hayes, JetBlue’s Chief Executive Officer.

“Our efforts to raise liquidity, reshape our network, and reduce costs, are bearing fruit, and have helped us navigate the immediate crisis. We are confident that our low-cost, low fare leisure model, with the best crewmembers in the industry, and a brand that customers trust, will all help JetBlue emerge stronger from this crisis.

In the near term, we continue to manage our daily flying and take tactical actions to ensure we generate cash as demand recovers. We are also executing revenue and cost initiatives, redeploying our aircraft to new, cash accretive markets, and setting JetBlue up for a strong rebound. Naturally, we aim to be free cash flow positive, with the goal of repairing our balance sheet over the coming years.”

Action Plan, Revenue and Capacity

“In the third quarter, our revenue declined 76% year over year, a welcome improvement compared to our initial expectation. We saw a modest, sequential improvement in August and September demand as new case counts decreased, and quarantine restrictions in some states were eased. Our Northeast geography continues to be disproportionately impacted, though we believe it will undoubtedly rebound as it always has with past challenges,” said Joanna Geraghty, JetBlue’s President and Chief Operating Officer.

“Our planning assumption for the fourth quarter is a revenue decline of approximately 65% year over year. Although there still quite a lot of uncertainty about the evolution of the coronavirus, we are starting to see the booking curve extend slightly into the upcoming Thanksgiving and December holiday travel period, and we are encouraged by Customers responding positively to our promotional activity including an early holiday sale in late September. For the fourth quarter, our current planning assumption is for capacity to decline approximately 45% year over year, given our current expectations for improved bookings.”

Financial Performance and Outlook

“Our average daily cash burn for the third quarter was $6.1 million dollars, ahead of the $7 to $9 million dollar range we anticipated 3 months ago. This was the result of a modest improvement in demand, beginning in August, variable cost savings achieved through a balanced approach to capacity, and the many actions we took to minimize fixed costs across our business. For the fourth quarter, we estimate our daily cash burn to be between $4 and $6 million dollars,” said Steve Priest, JetBlue’s Chief Financial Officer.

“Earlier this month, we reached a second negotiated agreement with Airbus to defer additional aircraft and associated capital expenditure over the next few years. Since the beginning of the crisis we have reduced aircraft and non-aircraft CAPEX by approximately $2 billion dollars between 2020 and 2022.

At the end of September, our total liquidity was approximately $3.1 billion dollars. During the quarter, we refinanced our $1 billion dollar 364-day term loan and continued our focus on maintaining liquidity. We have approximately $1 billion dollars of traditional unencumbered assets, excluding the value of our TrueBlue loyalty program and our subsidiaries.

As we navigate the current environment with a steady hand, we are shifting our work to rebuilding our margins. We are taking an aggressive approach to improving our cost structure, better aligning our fixed and variable cost base, to temporarily lower revenue and capacity. We believe that our work will return JetBlue to profitability with structurally better margins, and our ultimate intention is to achieve superior pre-tax margins versus the industry.”


 


 

JETBLUE AIRWAYS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in millions, except per share amounts)
(unaudited)
 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

Percent

 

 

 

September 30,

 

Percent

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

 

 

2020

 

2019

 

Change

OPERATING REVENUES
Passenger

$

445

 

$

2,005

 

(77.8

)

$

2,126

 

$

5,838

 

(63.6

)

Other

 

47

 

 

81

 

(42.0

)

 

169

 

 

225

 

(24.9

)

Total operating revenues

 

492

 

 

2,086

 

(76.4

)

 

2,295

 

 

6,063

 

(62.1

)

 
OPERATING EXPENSES
Aircraft fuel and related taxes

 

102

 

 

471

 

(78.4

)

 

496

 

 

1,392

 

(64.4

)

Salaries, wages and benefits

 

482

 

 

580

 

(16.9

)

 

1,560

 

 

1,731

 

(9.9

)

Landing fees and other rents

 

84

 

 

125

 

(32.7

)

 

258

 

 

362

 

(28.7

)

Depreciation and amortization

 

127

 

 

134

 

(5.0

)

 

407

 

 

385

 

5.5

 

Aircraft rent

 

23

 

 

26

 

(12.5

)

 

60

 

 

76

 

(21.1

)

Sales and marketing

 

24

 

 

74

 

(68.3

)

 

84

 

 

215

 

(61.0

)

Maintenance, materials and repairs

 

111

 

 

158

 

(30.2

)

 

344

 

 

482

 

(28.6

)

Other operating expenses

 

167

 

 

271

 

(38.1

)

 

560

 

 

833

 

(32.7

)

Special items

 

(112

)

 

-

 

28,320.3

 

 

(214

)

 

14

 

(1,674.9

)

Total operating expenses

 

1,008

 

 

1,839

 

(45.2

)

 

3,555

 

 

5,490

 

(35.2

)

 
OPERATING (LOSS) INCOME

 

(516

)

 

247

 

(308.8

)

 

(1,260

)

 

573

 

(320.1

)

 
Operating margin

 

-104.9

%

 

11.8

%

(116.7

)

pts.

 

-54.9

%

 

9.4

%

(64.3

)

pts.
 
OTHER INCOME (EXPENSE)
Interest expense

 

(56

)

 

(18

)

206.8

 

 

(121

)

 

(57

)

112.1

 

Capitalized interest

 

3

 

 

4

 

(20.5

)

 

10

 

 

10

 

(2.5

)

Gain on equity method investments

 

-

 

 

15

 

(100.0

)

 

-

 

 

15

 

(100.0

)

Interest income and other

 

(9

)

 

6

 

(267.9

)

 

(10

)

 

7

 

(255.2

)

Total other income (expense)

 

(62

)

 

7

 

1,068.5

 

 

(121

)

 

(25

)

(386.9

)

 
(LOSS) INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES

 

(578

)

 

254

 

(327.8

)

 

(1,381

)

 

548

 

(352.1

)

 
Pre-tax margin

 

-117.4

%

 

12.2

%

(129.6

)

pts.

 

-60.2

%

 

9.0

%

(69.2

)

pts.
 
Income tax (benefit) expense

 

(185

)

 

67

 

(376.4

)

 

(400

)

 

140

 

(385.4

)

 
NET (LOSS) INCOME

$

(393

)

$

187

 

(310.4

)

$

(981

)

$

408

 

(340.7

)

 
(LOSS) EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE:
Basic

$

(1.44

)

$

0.63

 

$

(3.58

)

$

1.36

 

Diluted

$

(1.44

)

$

0.63

 

$

(3.58

)

$

1.35

 

 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING:
Basic

 

272.4

 

 

294.0

 

 

274.3

 

 

300.1

 

Diluted

 

272.4

 

 

295.9

 

 

274.3

 

 

301.8

 

 
 
 
JETBLUE AIRWAYS CORPORATION
COMPARATIVE OPERATING STATISTICS
(unaudited)
 
 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended

 

 

September 30,

 

Percent

 

September 30,

 

Percent

2020

 

2019

 

Change

 

2020

 

2019

 

Change

Revenue passengers (thousands)

 

2,151

 

 

11,061

 

(80.6

)

 

10,918

 

 

32,252

 

(66.1

)

Revenue passenger miles (millions)

 

2,945

 

 

13,930

 

(78.9

)

 

14,153

 

 

40,446

 

(65.0

)

Available seat miles (ASMs) (millions)

 

6,905

 

 

16,296

 

(57.6

)

 

24,209

 

 

47,762

 

(49.3

)

Load factor

 

42.6

%

 

85.5

%

(42.9

)

pts.

 

58.5

%

 

84.7

%

(26.2

)

pts.
Aircraft utilization (hours per day)

 

4.2

 

 

11.9

 

(64.7

)

 

5.5

 

 

11.9

 

(53.8

)

 

Average fare

$

206.73

 

$

181.26

 

14.1

 

$

194.77

 

$

181.01

 

7.6

 

Yield per passenger mile (cents)

 

15.10

 

 

14.39

 

4.9

 

 

15.02

 

 

14.43

 

4.1

 

Passenger revenue per ASM (cents)

 

6.44

 

 

12.30

 

(47.7

)

 

8.78

 

 

12.22

 

(28.1

)

Revenue per ASM (cents)

 

7.12

 

 

12.80

 

(44.4

)

 

9.48

 

 

12.69

 

(25.3

)

Operating expense per ASM (cents)

 

14.60

 

 

11.29

 

29.3

 

 

14.69

 

 

11.50

 

27.8

 

Operating expense per ASM, excluding fuel (cents)(1)

 

14.64

 

 

8.33

 

75.7

 

 

13.40

 

 

8.48

 

57.9

 

 

Departures

 

32,124

 

 

94,191

 

(65.9

)

 

128,315

 

 

276,467

 

(53.6

)

Average stage length (miles)

 

1,313

 

 

1,132

 

16.0

 

 

1,201

 

 

1,140

 

5.4

 

Average number of operating aircraft during period

 

262.9

 

 

253.2

 

3.8

 

 

261.3

 

 

253.1

 

3.2

 

Average fuel cost per gallon, including fuel taxes

$

1.23

 

$

2.06

 

(40.4

)

$

1.60

 

$

2.09

 

(23.3

)

Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

 

83

 

 

229

 

(63.7

)

 

310

 

 

666

 

(53.5

)

Average number of full-time equivalent crewmembers

 

16,004

 

 

18,528

 

 
(1) Refer to Note A at the end of our Earnings Release for more information on this non-GAAP financial measure. Operating expense per available seat mile, excluding fuel (“CASM Ex-Fuel”) excludes fuel and related taxes, other non-airline operating expenses, and special items.
 
JETBLUE AIRWAYS CORPORATION
SELECTED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET DATA
(in millions)
 
 

September 30,

 

December 31,

2020

 

2019

(unaudited)

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$ 2,453

$ 959

Total investment securities

569

372

Total assets

13,433

11,918

Total debt

4,839

2,334

Stockholders' equity

3,717

4,799

Note A – Non-GAAP Financial Measures

JetBlue sometimes uses non-GAAP financial measures in this press release. Non-GAAP financial measures are financial measures that are derived from the consolidated financial statements, but that are not presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States, or GAAP. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide a meaningful comparison of our results to others in the airline industry and our prior year results. Investors should consider these non-GAAP financial measures in addition to, and not as a substitute for, our financial performance measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Further, our non-GAAP information may be different from the non-GAAP information provided by other companies. The information below provides an explanation of each non-GAAP financial measure and shows a reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures used in this press release to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.

Operating expense per available seat mile, excluding fuel and related taxes, other non-airline operating expenses, and special items (“CASM Ex-Fuel”)

Operating expenses per available seat mile, or CASM, is a common metric used in the airline industry. We exclude aircraft fuel and related taxes, operating expenses related to other non-airline businesses, such as JetBlue Technology Ventures and JetBlue Travel Products, and special items from operating expenses to determine CASM ex-fuel, which is a non-GAAP financial measure. In 2020, special items include contra-expenses recognized on the utilization of payroll support grants received under the CARES Act, impairment charges of our Embraer E190 fleet, losses generated from sale-leaseback transactions, and one-time costs associated with our voluntary crewmember separation programs. Special items for 2019 include one-time costs related to the Embraer E190 fleet transition, one-time costs related to the implementation of our pilots' collective bargaining agreement, as well as a gain on an equity method investment. We believe that CASM ex-fuel is useful for investors because it provides investors the ability to measure financial performance excluding items beyond our control, such as fuel costs, which are subject to many economic and political factors, or not related to the generation of an available seat mile, such as operating expense related to certain non-airline businesses. We believe this non-GAAP measure is more indicative of our ability to manage airline costs and is more comparable to measures reported by other major airlines.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE
RECONCILIATION OF OPERATING EXPENSE PER ASM, EXCLUDING FUEL
($ in millions, per ASM data in cents)
(unaudited)
 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 

September 30,

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

$

 

per ASM

 

$

 

per ASM

 

$

 

per ASM

 

$

 

per ASM

 
Total operating expenses

$

1,008

 

$

14.60

 

$

1,839

$

11.29

$

3,555

 

$

14.69

 

$

5,490

$

11.50

Less:
Aircraft fuel and related taxes

 

102

 

 

1.47

 

 

471

 

2.89

 

496

 

 

2.05

 

 

1,392

 

2.92

Other non-airline expenses

 

7

 

 

0.10

 

 

10

 

0.07

 

29

 

 

0.12

 

 

32

 

0.07

Special items

 

(112

)

 

(1.61

)

 

-

 

-

 

(214

)

 

(0.88

)

 

14

 

0.03

Operating expenses, excluding fuel

$

1,011

 

$

14.64

 

$

1,358

$

8.33

$

3,244

 

$

13.40

 

$

4,052

$

8.48

 

Operating Expense, Income before Taxes, Net Income and Earnings per Share, excluding special items and gain on equity method investments

Our GAAP results in the applicable periods were impacted by charges that are deemed special items, and gain on equity method investments. We believe the impacts of these items make our results difficult to compare to prior periods as well as future periods and guidance. In 2020, special items include contra-expenses recognized on the utilization of payroll support grants received under the CARES Act, impairment charges of our Embraer E190 fleet, losses generated from sale-leaseback transactions, and one-time costs associated with our voluntary crewmember separation programs. Special items for 2019 include one-time costs related to the Embraer E190 fleet transition, one-time costs related to the implementation of our pilots' collective bargaining agreement, as well as a gain on an equity method investment. We believe the impacts of these items distort our overall trends and that our metrics and results are enhanced with the presentation of our results excluding the impact of these items. The table below provides a reconciliation of our GAAP reported amounts to the non-GAAP amounts excluding the impacts of these items.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE
RECONCILIATION OF OPERATING EXPENSE, INCOME BEFORE TAXES, NET INCOME AND EARNINGS PER SHARE

EXCLUDING SPECIAL ITEMS AND GAIN ON EQUITY METHOD INVESTMENTS

(in millions, except per share amounts)

(unaudited)
 

Three Months Ended

 

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 

September 30,

2020

 

2019

 

2020

 

2019

 
Total operating revenues

$

492

 

$

2,086

 

$

2,295

 

$

6,063

 

 
Total operating expenses

$

1,008

 

$

1,839

 

$

3,555

 

$

5,490

 

Less: Special items

 

(112

)

 

-

 

 

(214

)

 

14

 

Total operating expenses excluding special items

$

1,120

 

$

1,839

 

$

3,769

 

$

5,476

 

 
Operating (loss) income

$

(516

)

$

247

 

$

(1,260

)

$

573

 

Add back: Special items

 

(112

)

 

-

 

 

(214

)

 

14

 

Operating (loss) income excluding special items

$

(628

)

$

247

 

$

(1,474

)

$

587

 

 
Operating margin excluding special items

 

-127.6

%

 

11.8

%

 

-64.2

%

 

9.7

%

 
(Loss) income before income taxes

$

(578

)

$

254

 

$

(1,381

)

$

548

 

Add back: Special items

 

(112

)

 

-

 

 

(214

)

 

14

 

Less: Gain on equity method investments

 

-

 

 

15

 

 

-

 

 

15

 

(Loss) income before income taxes excluding special items and gain on equity method investments

$

(690

)

$

239

 

$

(1,595

)

$

547

 

 
Pre-tax margin excluding special items and gain on equity method investments

 

-140.1

%

 

11.4

%

 

-69.5

%

 

9.0

%

 
Net (loss) income

$

(393

)

$

187

 

$

(981

)

$

408

 

Add back: Special items

 

(112

)

 

-

 

 

(214

)

 

14

 

Less: Income tax (expense) benefit related to special items

 

(28

)

 

-

 

 

(53

)

 

3

 

Less: Gain on equity method investments

 

-

 

 

15

 

 

-

 

 

15

 

Less: Income tax (expense) related to gain on equity method investments

 

-

 

 

(4

)

 

-

 

 

(4

)

Net (loss) income excluding special items and gain on equity method investments

$

(477

)

$

176

 

$

(1,142

)

$

408

 

 
(Loss) Earnings Per Common Share:
Basic

$

(1.44

)

$

0.63

 

$

(3.58

)

$

1.36

 

Add back: Special items, net of tax

 

(0.31

)

 

-

 

 

(0.58

)

 

0.03

 

Less: Gain on equity method investments, net of tax

 

-

 

 

0.04

 

 

-

 

 

0.04

 

Basic excluding special items and gain on equity method investments

$

(1.75

)

$

0.59

 

$

(4.16

)

$

1.35

 

 
Diluted

$

(1.44

)

$

0.63

 

$

(3.58

)

$

1.35

 

Add back: Special items, net of tax

 

(0.31

)

 

-

 

 

(0.58

)

 

0.03

 

Less: Gain on equity method investments, net of tax

 

-

 

 

0.04

 

 

-

 

 

0.03

 

Diluted excluding special items and gain on equity method investments

$

(1.75

)

$

0.59

 

$

(4.16

)

$

1.35

 

 

Daily Cash Burn

We present cash burn because we believe this metric is helpful to investors to evaluate our ability to maintain liquidity and evaluate cash flows from our core operating performance. Our cash burn is calculated as net cash used in operating activities, net cash used in investing activities, and net cash provided by financing activities adjusted for: (1) grant proceeds from the Payroll Support Program (PSP) under the CARES Act, (2) cash payments associated with our voluntary separation programs, (3) net purchases of investment securities, (4) proceeds from the issuance of long-term debt and finance lease obligations, (5) proceeds of financing arrangements that are reported within investing activities (such as certain sale-leaseback transactions), and (6) the early repayment our 364-day term loan facility.

NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE
DAILY CASH BURN
(in millions) (unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
Net cash (used in) operating activities

$

(446

)

Net cash (used in) investing activities

 

(180

)

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

60

 

(Decrease) in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

 

(566

)

 
Adjustments
Proceeds from CARES Act PSP grant

 

(18

)

Voluntary separation programs

 

39

 

Net purchases of investments

 

226

 

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt and finance lease obligations

 

(1,024

)

Proceeds from sale-leaseback transactions reported within investing activities

 

(209

)

Prepayment of short-term borrowings

 

997

 

Total adjustments

 

11

 

 
Adjusted (decrease) in cash

$

(555

)

Days in period

 

92

 

Daily Cash Burn

$

(6

)

 

 


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