Monday, 31 August 2020

Aeroflot releases latest results for this year.

The Aeroflot Group of Russia has published its condensed consolidated interim financial statements for the six months ended 30 June 2020, showing revenue decreased by 52.0% year-on-year to RUB 149,352 million, EBITDA amounted to RUB 11,092 million and posted a net loss totalled RUB 58,270 million.

Andrey Chikhanchin, PJSC Aeroflot Deputy CEO for Commerce and Finance, said:  “In the second quarter of 2020, and above all in April and May, most of Aeroflot Group’s fleet was grounded following COVID-related restrictions, while the aircraft that continued flying operated with significantly reduced flight hours. The Group's extensive route network was significantly reduced, and we only operated flights essential to maintaining transport accessibility in the Russian regions and to supply much-needed medical equipment and medicines.
“As a result, the Group's passenger traffic reduced by 88.8% in the second quarter. The biggest decrease occurred in April, when the Group carried just 229,000 passengers, against 4-5 million before the pandemic. As restrictions started to be lifted the domestic market began to see a gradual recovery – by the end of June Aeroflot Group carried 1.2 million passengers.

“In the meantime, the health and safety of our passengers remain our top priority, and we are doing our best to ensure passenger safety and comfort in these unprecedented circumstances.
“With almost no revenue from passenger transportation, we needed to think out of the box. Given strong demand for cargo services, we reoriented a number of wide-body aircraft to carry cargo, resulting in strong cargo revenue, which was up 64.0% in second-quarter year-on-year.
“To ensure the Group’s financial stability we have put in place a number of optimisation measures. We entered negotiations with our key counterparties and have already reached some agreements with regard payment holidays and special terms with some of our partners. These and other measures enabled the Group to restrict the net loss in the second quarter to RUB 35.8 billion. 
“As part of its efforts to secure financing, Aeroflot Group requested government support. In June, Aeroflot received RUB 70 billion worth of state guarantees, which helped the Company to obtain long-term loans with five-year terms. As of today as part of programmes to support business Aeroflot Group signed one-year agreements for a total of RUB 6.7 billion with a 2% interest rate. The Group received a RUB 7.9 billion subsidy and applied for tax deferrals. These measures support our financial stability, which is required to preserve jobs and overcome the current challenges.
“Russia’s large domestic market and wide variety of tourist destinations is an important competitive advantage of the Russian aviation market compared to other global markets, and means airlines can continue operations even while restrictions on international flights remain in place. 
“Despite the pandemic’s unprecedented impact on the aviation industry we are starting to see a gradual recovery across various segments, albeit in a new reality. In July and August domestic operations continued to recover. In July, the Group’s capacities stood at 41.7% compared to the same period last year. It is particularly worth mentioning the successful recovery of Pobeda, which was the only Russian airline in July 2020 to increase its passenger traffic, by 1.6% year-on-year. The first half of August also saw the opening of a number of international destinations, and we are already seeing high demand for them.

“Aeroflot has repeatedly demonstrated its ability to transform and successfully adapt to new conditions, reaching new heights. This time is no exception, and we recently approved the updated Growth Strategy through 2028. Aeroflot management continues to work hard to ensure that the Group emerges strong from the crisis and ready for reach new heights".

Key operating highlights

2Q 2020
2Q 2019
Change
6M 2020
6M 2019
Change
Passengers carried, thousand PAX
1,731
15,431
    (88.8%)
12,927
28,195
  (54.2%)
- international
52
6,952
    (99.3%)
4,567
12,682
  (64.0%)
- domestic
1,679
8,479
    (80.2%)
8,361
15,513
  (46.1%)
Revenue Passenger Kilometres, million
3,681
39,381
   (90.7%)
32,716
72,924
   (55.1%)
- international
263
22,966
    (98.9%)
16,844
43,531
   (61.3%)
- domestic
3,417
16,415
    (79.2%)
15,872
29,393
  (46.0%)
Available Seat Kilometres, million
7,080
48,839
(85.5%)
47,939
91,883
(47.8%)
- international
487
29,024
    (98.3%)
23,938
55,571
  (56.9%)
- domestic
6,593
19,815
   (66.7%)
24,001
36,312
  (33.9%)
Passenger load factor, %
52.0%
80.6%
(28.6 p.p.)
68.2%
79.4%
(11.1 p.p.)
- international
54.1%
79.1%
(25.0 p.p.)
70.4%
78.3%
(8.0 p.p.)
- domestic
51.8%
82.8%
(31.0 p.p.)
66.1%
80.9%
(14.8 p.p.)

In 6M 2020, Aeroflot Group carried 12.9 million passengers, down 54.2% year-on-year. In 6M 2020, operating results were significantly affected by the decrease in demand and flight restrictions amid the spread of the novel coronavirus. The international segment was hit hardest, following the shutdown of international air travel in March. The suspension of international flights had a knock-on network effect on transit and domestic traffic. The gradual imposition of restrictions and passengers’ reluctance to travel amid the pandemic also affected demand on domestic routes. 

Key financial highlights
RUB million unless stated otherwise
2Q 2020
2Q 2019
Change
6M 2020
6M 2019
Change
Revenue
25,458 
173,399 
(85.3%)
149,352 
311,440 
(52.0%)
EBITDA
(1,962)
46,963 
11,092 
68,296 
(83.8%)
EBITDA margin
27.1% 
7.4%
21.9% 
(14.5%)
(Loss) / profit for the period
(35,786)
6,933 
(58,270)
(8,784)
  6.6х
Adjusted loss for the period*
(35,786)
6,933 
(51,560)
(8,784)
5.9х
* Excluding non-cash revaluation of foreign currency lease liabilities.
Revenue
RUB million unless stated otherwise
2Q 2020
2Q 2019
Change
6M 2020
6M 2019
Change
Passenger traffic revenue
     12,983 
152,456 
(91.5%)
   119,591 
   271,711 
(56.0%)
 - scheduled passenger flights
     12,364 
141,330 
(91.3%)
   114,503 
   254,721 
(55.0%)
 - charter passenger flights
         619 
11,126 
(94.4%)
       5,088 
     16,990 
(70.1%)
Cargo flight revenue
       7,478 
 4,559 
  64.0% 
     12,282 
       8,732 
  40.7% 
Other revenue
       4,997 
16,384 
(69.5%)
     17,479 
     30,997 
(43.6%)
Total revenue
     25,458 
173,399 
(85.3%)
   149,352 
   311,440 
(52.0%)
In 6M 2020, Aeroflot Group’s revenue decreased by 52.0% year-on-year to RUB 149,352 million.
Revenue from scheduled passenger flights decreased by 55.0% year-on-year to RUB 114,503 million, due to a decrease in passenger traffic as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Cargo revenue rose by 40.7%, to RUB 12,282 million year-on-year as the Company reoriented some of its wide-body aircraft to carry cargo and mail in the baggage compartment as well as in the cabin. 
Other revenue decreased by 43.6% year-on-year to RUB 17,479 million.
Operating costs
RUB million unless stated otherwise
2Q 2020
2Q 2019
Change
6M 2020
6M 2019
Change
Depreciation, amortisation and customs duties
31,001
26,446
17.2%
57,211
53,678
6.6%
Staff costs
13,496
22,215
(39.2%)
34,620
44,794
(22.7%)
Aircraft servicing and passenger services
5,493
32,294
(83.0%)
32,937
61,165
(46.2%)
Aircraft maintenance
4,244
7,813
(45.7%)
13,469
13,987
(3.7%)
Selling, general and administrative expenses
4,291
7,534
(43.0%)
10,479
14,203
(26.2%)
Other net expenses / (income)
(5,429)
7,572
2,826
16,287
(82.6%)
Operating costs less aircraft fuel
53,096
103,874
(48.9%)
151,542
204,114
(25.8%)
Aircraft fuel
5,325
49,008
(89.1%)
43,929
92,708
(52.6%)
Total operating costs
58,421
152,882
(61.8%)
195,471
296,822
(34.1%)


In 6M 2020, operating costs reduced by 34.1% to RUB 195,471 million, primarily due to a reduction in operational volumes (capacities decreased by 47.8% year-on-year), as well as due to the implementation of measures aimed at reducing fixed costs.
Aircraft fuel costs decreased by 52.6% year-on-year to RUB 43,929 million as flight volumes and flying time decreased.  
Excluding fuel costs, operating costs decreased by 25.8% year-on-year to RUB 151,542 million, primarily due to reduced operational volumes and the almost complete suspension of flights in April and May 2020.
  • Staff costs decreased by 22.7% year-on-year to RUB 34,620 million.
  • Expenses related to aircraft servicing and passenger service decreased by 46.2% year-on-year to RUB 32,937 million. At the same time, given our increased focus on passenger safety to prevent the further spread of the virus, the Group introduced additional pre-flight measures and aircraft disinfection.
  • Aircraft maintenance costs decreased by 3.7% year-on-year to RUB 13,469 million, due to lower volume of maintenance works amid reduced operating volumes, which was partly offset by an increase in one-off payments for aircraft returns to the lessor, particularly in Q1 2020. At the same time, in Q2 2020, aircraft maintenance costs decreased by 45.7% due to a decrease in the variable component associated with flying time, while expenses on keeping the grounded fleet airworthy continued.

Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by 26.2% year-on-year to RUB 10,479 million, due to additional measures to optimise general business, consulting and marketing expenses. 
Other expenses decreased by 82.6% year-on-year to RUB 2,826 million, due to a decrease in expenses associated with the booking system and flight catering amid lower flight volumes, as well as due to a RUB 7.9 billion subsidy from the Russian government.  
Amortisation and customs tariffs, the largest expense item that is generally independent from operating volumes, increased by 6.6% year-on-year to RUB 57,211 million, primarily due to revaluation of reserves for aircraft maintenance required before return to the lessor following the year-on-year appreciation of the US dollar in 6M 2020.
As a result of these factors, EBITDA totalled RUB 11,092 million.
Non-operating gains and losses
RUB million unless stated otherwise
2Q 2020
2Q 2019
Change
6M 2020
6M 2019
Change
Operating (loss) / profit
(32,963)
20,517 
(46,119)
     14,618 
(Loss) / profit from investments, net
       303
       (80)
        (309)
         147 
Finance income
 1,035 
2,378 
 (56.5%)
 2,164 
 3,246 
(33.3%)
Finance costs
(12,115)
(13,356)
 (9.3%)
(23,189)
(27,236)
(14.9%)
Realised hedging results
    (197)
 (320)
(38.4%)
 (7,557)
(1,337)
5.7x 
Share of results of associates
    (183)
56 
–    
        (180)
           96 

In 6M 2020, finance income reduced by 33.3% year-on-year to RUB 2,164 million, primarily due to a decrease in interest income on deposits as a result of lower interest rates.
Finance costs decreased by 14.9% year-on-year to RUB 23,189 million, primarily due to a decrease in leasing interest expenses as a result of lower interest rates, and also due to a decrease in lease liabilities in their respective payment currencies.
The realised loss from hedging amounted to RUB 7,557 million and includes non-cash revaluation of lease liabilities of RUB 6,710 million. The depreciation of the rouble during the reporting period led to a revaluation of our debt portfolio. Following the decrease in FX-denominated revenue in accordance with applicable accounting standards, the revaluation is reflected in the Company’s profit and loss account. 
Aeroflot Group’s net loss for 6M 2020 amounted to RUB 58,270 million. Including revaluation of lease liabilities paid in foreign currency, the adjusted net loss for the period amounted to RUB 51,560 million.
Debt and liquidity
RUB million unless stated otherwise
30.06.2020
31.12.2019
Change
Loans and borrowings
         64,390 
15,792
        307.7% 
Lease liabilities
       633,069 
557,124
          13.6% 
Pension liabilities
              809 
784
           3.2% 
Total debt
       698,268 
573,700
          21.7% 
Cash and short-term investments
         48,659 
25,861
          88.2% 
Net debt
       649,609 
547,839
          18.6% 
As of 30 June 2020, total debt increased by 21.7% compared to 31 December 2019, to RUB 698,268 million. The increase was due to the revaluation of lease liabilities as of the reporting date following the depreciation of the rouble by 13% since the beginning of the year, as well as due to increased leverage to boost liquidity and finance operations amid a significant decrease in expected revenues.








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