Tuesday, 2 June 2020

Massive loss for Aeroflot

Russian airline Aeroflot has reported a massive nett loss for the first quarter of $326.2 million after traffic crumbled away following travel restrictions and flight bans as the coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic spread. 

During March alone, the airline's passenger levels dropped by more than a third from last year and was down 12.3%. The carrier has advised its earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization fell by 38.8% to 13.05 billion roubles, while net loss widened by 42.8%

The airline also warns that the almost complete shutdown of flights in April and May will lead to a significant deterioration in the financial results for the second quarter. However, starting from June, Aeroflot Group will gradually resume its flight programme. Pobeda Airlines has been resuming flights since the beginning of the month.

However, Russia's leading airline group expects the market will begin to recover “in the near future as the airline industry is preparing for a gradual restart after almost three months of lockdown.

Along with cancelling flights, Aeroflot has started to reduce general business, managerial, consulting, and marketing expenses, it has suspended all advertising activities. Whilst the management has started negotiations to restructure the Company's liabilities and maintains a continuous dialogue with contractors and suppliers over conditions and optimising payment schedules.

“Given the almost complete lack of revenue from carrying passengers, non-standard solutions were required. Taking into account the stable dynamics of the cargo market, the Company was able to successfully reconfigure and redeploy a number of wide-body aircraft for cargo transportation, causing an increase in cargo revenue." the company said on Tuesday.







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Key operating highlights
 
1Q 2020
1Q 2019
Change
Passengers carried, thousand PAX
11,196
12,764
(12.3%)
- international
4,514
5,731
(21.2%)
- domestic
6,682
7,033
(5.0%)
Revenue Passenger Kilometres, million
29,035
33,544
(13.4%)
- international
16,581
20,565
(19.4%)
- domestic
12,454
12,978
(4.0%)
Available Seat Kilometres, million
40,859
43,044
(5.1%)
- international
23,451
26,547
(11.7%)
- domestic
17,407
16,497
5.5% 
Passenger load factor, %
71.1%
77.9%
(6.9 p.p.)
- international
70.7%
77.5%
(6.8 p.p.)
- domestic
71.5%
78.7%
(7.1 p.p.)
In 1Q 2020, Aeroflot Group carried 11.2 million passengers, down 12.3% year-on-year. In 1Q 2020, operating results were significantly affected by the decrease in demand and flight restrictions amid the spread of the coronavirus. The international segment was hit hardest, following the shutdown of international air travel in March. The suspension of international flights had a knock-on network effect on transit and domestic traffic. Gradual introduction of restrictions and passengers’ reluctance to travel amid the pandemic also affected demand on domestic routes. 
Key financial highlights
RUB million, unless stated otherwise
1Q 2020
1Q 2019
Change
Revenue
123,894 
138,041
(10.2%)
EBITDA
13,054 
21,333
(38.8%)
EBITDA margin
 10.5% 
15.5%
(5.0 p.p.)
Loss for the period
(22,484)
(15,746)
42.8% 
Adjusted loss for the period*
(15,774)
(15,746)
0.2%
* Excluding non-cash revaluation of foreign currency lease liabilities.
Revenue
RUB million, unless stated otherwise
1Q 2020
1Q 2019
Change
Passenger traffic revenue
106,608 
119,255
(10.6%)
 - scheduled passenger flights
102,139 
113,391 
(9.9%)
 - charter passenger flights
4,469 
5,864 
(23.8%)
Cargo flight revenue
4,804 
4,173 
15.1% 
Other revenue
12,482 
14,613 
 (14.6%)
Total revenue
123,894 
138,041 
(10.2%)
In 1Q 2020, Aeroflot Group’s revenue decreased by 10.2% year-on-year to RUB 123,894 million.
Revenue from scheduled passenger flights decreased by 9.9% year-on-year to RUB 102,139 million, due to a decrease in passenger traffic amid the COVID-19 pandemic. 
Cargo revenue rose by 15.1% to RUB 4,804 million year-on-year as cargo and mail volumes grew by 11.6%. 
Other revenue decreased by 14.6% year-on-year to RUB 12,482 million. 
Operating costs
RUB million, unless stated otherwise
1Q 2020
1Q 2019
Change  
Aircraft servicing and passenger services
27,444
28,871 
(4.9%)
Depreciation, amortisation and customs duties
26,210 
27,232 
(3.8%)
Staff costs
21,124 
22,579 
(6.4%)
Aircraft maintenance
9,225
6,174
49.4%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
6,188 
6,669 
(7.2%)
Other net expenses
8,255
8,715 
(5.3%)
Operating costs less aircraft fuel
98,446
100,240 
(1.8%)
Aircraft fuel
38,604 
43,700 
(11.7%)
Total operating costs
137,050 
143,940 
(4.8%)


In 1Q 2020, operating costs reduced by 4.8% to RUB 137,050 million, primarily due to a decrease in operations – capacities decreased by 5.1% year-on-year, as well as due to the implementation of measures aimed at the reduction of fixed costs. 
Aircraft fuel costs decreased by 11.7% year-on-year to RUB 38,604 million as flight volumes and flying time decreased. 
Excluding fuel costs, operating costs decreased by 1.8% year-on-year to RUB 98,446 million. 
Expenses related to aircraft servicing and passenger service decreased by 4.9% year-on-year to RUB 27,444 million due to the decrease in passenger traffic. At the same time given an increased focus on passenger safety and the prevention of further spread of the virus the Group introduced additional pre-flight measures and aircraft disinfection.
Amortisation and customs tariffs decreased by 3.8% year-on-year to RUB 26,210 million. This was due to the decrease of the Group’s fleet by 11 aircraft over a 12-month period.
Staff costs decreased by 6.4% year-on-year to RUB 21,124 million, primarily due to a decrease in remuneration of the senior management team.
Aircraft maintenance costs increased by 49.4% year-on-year to RUB 9,225 million. Over a third of the increase was due to a higher volume of scheduled maintenance works compared to the same period last year, whereas the rest was due to preparatory works associated with the return of aircraft to the lessor. FX factor had an additional impact on costs. 
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased by 7.2% year-on-year to RUB 6,188 million, due to additional measures to optimise general business, consulting and marketing expenses, including suspension of all advertising activities. In addition, expenses associated with the booking system were lower as a result of the decrease in demand and suspension of bookings for the next few months.
Other expenses decreased by 5.3% year-on-year to RUB 8,255 million.
As a result of these factors, EBITDA totalled RUB 13,054 million.
Non-operating gains and losses
RUB million, unless stated otherwise
1Q 2020
1Q 2019
Change
Operating loss
 (13 156)
(5 899)
2,2х 
(Loss) / profit from investments, net
 (612)
227 
Finance income
1 897 
1 506 
26,0% 
Finance costs
(11 842)
 (14 547)
(18,6%)
Realised hedging results
(7 360)
(1 017)
7,2х 
Share of results of associates
40 
(92,5%)


In 1Q 2020, finance income increased by 26.0% year-on-year to RUB 1,897 million, due to higher FX gains. 
Finance costs decreased by 18.6% year-on-year to RUB 11,842 million, primarily due to lower interest payments on leasing as a result of a decrease in the number of aircraft, including the phasing-out of wide-body aircraft. 
The realised hedging results line (item reflecting accounting movements for foreign currency lease liabilities) amounted to RUB 7,360 million and includes non-cash revaluation of lease liabilities in the amount of RUB 6,710 million. The devaluation of the rouble during the reporting period led to debt revaluation. Following the decrease in revenue received by the Group in foreign currency in accordance with applicable accounting standards, the revaluation is partially reflected in the profit and loss account. In the reporting period this revaluation is a paper loss rather than an actual cash outflow.
Aeroflot Group’s net loss for 1Q 2020 amounted to RUB 22,484 million. Including the non-cash revaluation of lease liabilities impact, adjusted net loss for the period amounted to RUB 15,774 million. 
Debt and liquidity
RUB million, unless stated otherwise
31.03.2020
31.12.2019
Change
Loans and borrowings
         46,397 
15,792
        2.9х 
Lease liabilities
       698,979 
557,124
          25.5% 
Pension liabilities
              771 
784
          (1.7%)
Total debt
       746,147 
573,700
          30.1% 
Cash and short-term investments
         37,375 
25,861
          44.5% 
Net debt
       708,772 
547,839
          29.4% 
As of 31 March 2020, total debt increased by 30.1% compared to 31 December 2019, to RUB 746,147 million. The increase was due to the revaluation of lease liabilities on the reporting date following the devaluation of the rouble by 25.6% (against the dollar) since the beginning of the year, as well as due to the accumulation of liquidity amid a significant decrease in expected revenues.






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